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Gunwi, a Historic and Traditional Town

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History

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The Age of Samhan
  • In the Age of Samhan, this place was occupied by tribal states, such as Jinhan’s Yeodamguk and Sodeungbungguk.
The Age of Three Empires
  • In the early Shilla Empire, it was part of Nodong-myeon.
  • In the 16th year of King Gyeongdeok of the Shilla Unification (757 AD), nine states were created across Shilla, and the names of Gun and Hyeon were changed. At that time, the names were changed to Gunwi-hyeon, Hyoryeong-hyeon, and Burim-hyeon as part of Sungseon-gun (Current: Seonsan).
  • 의흥군 칭호미상
Goryeo Dynasty
  • In the 9th year of King Hyeonjong (1018 AD), Gunwi-hyeon, Hyoryeong-hyeon, and Burim-hyeon (renamed Bugye-hyeon) were included in Sangju-mok, while Euiheung-gun was a part of Andong-bu.
  • In the 21st year of King Injong (1143 AD), Gunwi-hyeon, Hyoryeong-hyeon, and Bugye-hyeon were transferred from Sangju-mok to Ilseon-gun. In the 2nd year of King Gongyang (1390 AD), Hyoryeong-hyeon was transferred to Gunwi-hyeon.
  • Bugye-hyeon was integrated with Euiheung-gun to place Gammu.
Joseon Dynasty
  • In the 13th year of Taejong (1413 AD), Euiheung-gun was demoted to Euiheung-hyeon, and in the 32nd year of Gojong (1896 AD), Gunwi-hyeon and Euiheung-hyeon were promoted to Gun. In the 33rd year of King Gojong (1896 AD), the Ordinance #35, dated August 4, declared the System of 13 Provinces, and Gunwi-gun and Euiheung-gun were attached to Gyeongsangbuk-do Province.
Japanese Imperial Rule
  • On March 1, 1914, the Ordinance #111 was declared to integrate the Bu, Gun, and Myeon. As a result, Euiheung-gun was merged with Gunwi-gun and a part of Soya-myeon, Euiseong-gun, administering eight Myeon (Current: Ingok, Yangji, Nakjeon, Gaam, Seoksan, and Hagam), was transferred to Goro-myeon, Gunwi-gun. On January 1, 1915, the Ordinance #173 was declared to transfer Somun-myeon, Euiseong-gun (Current:Yongdae) to Gunwi-myeon, Gunwi-gun.
After the Liberation
  • On July 1, 1973, the administrative zones were reorganized to transfer Gwanghyeon 1, 2, and 3 Dong of Geumseong-myeon; Euiseong-gun were transferred to Gunwi-myeon and Dosan 1 and 2 Dong of Sandong-myeon, and Seonsan-gun was transferred to Sobo-myeon to administer the 177 Dong of 8 Myeon.
  • On May 1, 1979, Gunwi-myeon was promoted to Gunwi-eup (1 Eup, 7 Myeon).
  • On February 15, 1983, the administrative zone was reorganized to transfer Gogok-dong and Maegok-dong of Bugye-myeon to Hyoryeong-myeon, and Wonsan-dong and Geumyang-dong of Sanseong-myeon to Euiheung-myeon.
  • On January 1, 1988, the administrative zone was adjusted to divide Hwajeon-dong of Sanseong-myeon into Hwajeon 1 and 2 Dong, and Dong was renamed into Ri on May 1 of that year.
  • On January 1, 1989, the administrative zone was reorganized to transfer Daeheung 1 and 2 Ri of Sobo-myeon into Gunwi-eup.
  • On January 1, 1991, the administrative zone was adjusted to divide Daeyul-ri of Bugye-myeon into Daeyul 1 and 2 Ri to administer 1 Eup, 7 Myeon, and 179 Ri.
  • On March 13, 1996, the administrative zone was adjusted to divide Seobu 1 Ri of Gunwi-eup into Seobu 1 and 3 Ri, Gogok 1 Ri of Hyoryeong-myeon into 1 and 3 Ri, Namsan-ri of Bugye-myeon into Namsan 1 and 2 Ri to administer 1 Eup, 7 Myeon, and 182 Ri.
  • On March 1, 2010, the administrative zone was adjusted to integrate Goisan 1 and 2 Ri of Goro-myeon into Goisan-ri, Hakseong 2 and 3 Ri into Hakseong 2 Ri, and Ingok 1 and 2 Ri into Ingok-ri to administer 1 Eup, 7 Myeon, and 179 Ri.
  • On February 28, 2012, the administrative zone was adjusted to add Janggun 4 Ri, which was created in Hyoryeong-myeon to administer 1 Eup, 7 Myeon, and 180 Ri.